Método autodidacta para aprender inglés

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Debido a la necesidad de aprender este práctico idioma, por su alta demanda a nivel comercial y profesional, me gustaría editar y compartir con todas las personas que tengan el mismo propósito o interés, algunas ideas que me resultaron muy útiles y fáciles de asimilar en el método autodidacta que utilice para aprenderlo. A pesar de existir muchos métodos, cursos e instituciones a los cuales acudir en búsqueda de conocimiento, el usar un método basado en la forma en que todos empezamos a hablar en nuestro propio idioma, resulto para mi la manera ideal de hacer una equivalencia de mis conocimientos para enseñar a ese "niño" que empieza a hablar una nueva lengua. Tomando en cuenta que para el aprendizaje de un idioma es necesario hacer énfasis en cuatro (4) aspectos:

  • Leer
  • Escribir
  • Hablar
  • Comprender

Seria de mucha ayuda el contar con una persona, programa o diccionario que te permita "oír" la pronunciación de las palabras inglesas; He escrito estos 4 aspectos en este orden, basado en lo siguiente: Antes de saber leer y escribir un niño/a tiene un vocabulario que le permite comunicarse y expresar sus ideas, esto es por que dicho vocabulario abarca una lista amplia de palabras para nombrar todas las personas y objetos que rodean su mundo o entorno. Si consideramos que los adultos tenemos una mayor capacidad de asociación de ideas, resulta mas fácil en mi opinión, reuniendo una lista de palabras que abarque de una forma mas generalizada, todos los vocablos necesarios para tener el nivel de comunicación de un niño de unos ocho a diez años (8 a 10) de edad, para así poder hablar o expresar esas ideas de una forma clara y fluida, es por esto que solía hacer listas de palabras que tenían que ver con un mismo tema, como nombrar todos los objetos posibles con los cuales tiene contacto un niño, para gradualmente añadir más y más palabras hasta llegar a tener un vocabulario tan amplio que será necesario el uso de las normas gramaticales y aspectos más complejos como la conjugación de los verbos,para poder reunirlas (las palabras) y formar así las oraciones que nos permitan decir lo que necesitemos expresar. Pero al igual que cometimos errores hablando cuando fuimos niños, haremos uso de esos errores para ir corrigiéndolos, ya que justamente de eso se trata el aprendizaje de un idioma, que repito a diferencia del ritmo paulatino con el que aprendemos de niños, contrastará con el conocimiento que aportarán estas listas de palabras, dependiendo eso sí, del interés que pongamos en estudiarlas y aprenderlas. "Es una herramienta indispensable y un medio de consulta muy práctico y rápido el uso de un buen diccionario" . Además de resultar muy interesante, por todos los descubrimientos que hacemos mientras buscamos nuevas palabras, cuando establecemos las diferencias de sus significados a pesar de la similitud de su ortografía.

The Vowels: (*Las vocales)[editar]

  • A / ei /
  • E / i: / * los dos puntos (:) significa sonido largo.
  • I / ai /
  • O / ou /
  • U / iú /

NOTA: Podemos establecer que el uso del *asterisco, sea una guía para la traducción del texto que sea escrito en inglés.

CONSEJOS PRÁCTICOS: La repetición escrita de por lo menos tres (3) veces de cada nueva palabra, nos garantiza que sea "grabada o memorizada" en nuestro subconsciente, permitiéndonos a la vez recordar su ortografía. Algunos métodos garantizan el aprendizaje con recursos auditivos, mediante los cuales es posible aprender incluso mientras dormimos.

Generalmente las primeras palabras que aprende un "bebé" son mamá y papá, de aquí la importancia que para mí representa el inicio desde ese grado o nivel "0º"

THE FAMILY: (*La familia)[editar]

  • Mother (*mamá)
  • Father (*papá)
  • Daughter (*hija)
  • Son (*hijo)
  • Sister (*hermana)
  • Brother (*hermano)
  • Grandmother (*abuela)
  • Grandfather (*abuelo)
  • Aunt (*tia)
  • Uncle (*tio)
  • Nephew (*sobrino)
  • Niece (*sobrina)
  • Cousin (*primo "o" prima)
  • Wife (*esposa)
  • Husband (*esposo)

NOTA: Al añadir las palabras inglesas "in law" se forman nuevas palabras que tambien deben ser incluidas en este vocabulario para referirnos a "La familia"

-Mother in law (*suegra)

-Father in law (*suegro)

-Sister in law (*cuñada)

-Brother in law (*cuñado)

Igual sucede con la palabra "step" antepuesta a algunas palabras inglesas, para referirnos a otro parentesco familiar, resultado de la relacion de nuestros padres con otras parejas (como en el caso de divorcios,muerte de alguno de ellos,etc)

-Step mother (*madrastra)

-Step father (*padrastro)

-Step sister (*hermanastra)

-Step brother (*hermanastro)

El artículo inglés "THE" significa (*la,el,las y los)[editar]

The woman (*la mujer)

The man (*el hombre)

The girls (*las chicas)

The boys (*los muchachos)

NOTA: El adjetivo calificativo inglés carece de género y número gramatical. Ejemplos:

"Good" significa: (*buena,bueno,buenas o buenos) "Bad" significa: (*mala,malo,malas o malos)

THE HOUSE (*La casa)[editar]

Crib (*cuna)

Bed (*cama)

Mattress (*colchón)

Pillow (*almohada)

Sheet (*sábana)

Blanket (*cobija)

Cushion (*cojín)

BATHROOM (cuarto de *baño)

Shower (*ducha)

Towel (*toalla)

Soap (*jabón)

Toothbrush (cepillo *dental)

Toothpaste (pasta *dental)

Mirror (*espejo)

Toilet paper (*papel de baño)

Diapers (*pañales)

Underwear (*ropa interior)

Door (*Puerta)

NOTA: Es conveniente tomar en cuenta que estos vocabularios "no" incluyen todas las palabras necesarias para referirse a un mismo tema y tal como lo aconsejé, el hacer listas de palabras es de mucha utilidad y la investigación propia motiva y ayuda a que nuestro aprendizaje se acelere; mi propuesta es simplemente aconsejar un método de estudio, que nos permita ir aumentando nuestro vocabulario, por lo tanto los invito a que hagan uso de su imaginación para así ampliar su léxico. De hecho, bien podría ser una forma de imponerse tareas, el buscar el significado de las listas de palabras que elaboren por si mismos.

THE COLORS (*Los Colores)[editar]

White (*blanco)

Grey (*gris)

Black (*negro)

Red (*Rojo)

Pink (*rosado)

Blue (*azul)

Yellow (*amarillo)

Orange (*anaranjado)

Green (*verde)

Brown (*marrón)

Purple (*púpura)

Violet (*morado)

Golden (*dorado)

Silvered (*plateado)

Otras palabras que debemos incluir dentro de este grupo por referirse a los tonos del color son:

Dark (*oscuro)

Clear or Light (*claro)

THE ANIMALS (Los Animales)[editar]

Dog (*perro)

Cat (*gato)

Monkey (*mono)

Mare (*yegua)

Horse (*caballo)

Donkey (*burro o asno)

Mule (*mula)

Cow (*vaca)

Bull (*toro)

Sheep (*oveja)

Ram (*cordero)

Goat (*cabra)

Pig (*cerdo)

Hen (*gallina)

Rooster (*gallo)

Chicken (*pollo)

Duck (*pato)

Eagle (*aguíla)

Bird (*ave o pájaro)

Parrot (*loro)

Lizard (*lagartija)

Lion (*león)

Tiger (*tigre)

Snake (*serpiente o culebra)

Frog (*rana)

Toad (*sapo)

Fish (*pez)

Shark (*tiburón)

Dolphin (*delfín)

Whale (*ballena)

Insects or Bugs (*insectos o bichos)

Butterfly (*mariposa)

Worm (*gusano)

Ant (*hormiga)

Spider (*araña)

Scorpion (*escorpión)

THE QUESTIONS (*Las Preguntas)[editar]

Who ? (*Quíen ?)

Where ? (*Dónde ?)

When ? (*Cuando ?)

How ? (*Cómo ?)

Why ? (*Por qué ?)

How much ? (*Cuanto ?)

What ? (*Que ?)

Which ? (*Cúal ?)

Can ? Puedes?

THE NUMBERS:[editar]

1-One 11-Eleven 100- One Hundred

2-Two 12-Twelve 20-Twenty 1.000- One Thousand

3-Three 13-Thirteen 30-Thirty 1'000.000-One Million

4-Four 14-Fourteen 40-Forty

5-Five 15-Fifteen 50-Fifty

6-Six 16-Sixteen 60-Sixty

7-Seven 17-Seventeen 70-Seventy

8-Eight 18-Eighteen 80-Eighty

9-Nine 19-Nineteen 90-Ninety

10-Ten

A partir del número 20 los números ingleses se forman añadiendo los números del 1 al 9 asi: *21 es twenty "one"

PERSONAL PRONOUNS (*Pronombres Personales)[editar]

I (*Yo)

YOU (*Tú,usted)

SHE (*Ella)

HE (*El)

IT (*Neutro, lo,la, animales u objetos)

WE (*Nosotras,os)

YOU (*Vosotros,ustedes) Nota:La segunda 2ª persona del plural es igual que el singular

THEY (*Ellas,os)


El verbo "auxiliar" TO BE (*Ser o Estar)PRESENT TENSE:(*Tiempo Presente:)

I am (*Yo soy o yo estoy)

You are (*Tú eres o estás)

She is (*Ella es o está)

He is (*El es o está)

It is (*es o esta)animales o cosas.

Notas: Tambíen se usa los pronombres "she or he" para referirse al género de los animales y las palabras "male o female" (macho y hembra) o "cock o hen" (gallo y gallina) para determinar el género de las aves.

We are (*Nosotras,os, somos o estamos)

You are (*Vosotras,os, "sois" son o están

They are (*Ellas,os son o están)

[editar]

        MY OWN METHOD TO LEARN ENGLISH
  • B.B.C . since1.922 *1å Broadcasting
  • Merriam Webster - Dictionary

Dictionaries: (Collins - Oxford - Cassels) These *2 web sites, are in my opinion the very best way to study and learning this useful language.

I like to provide helpful tips, to those interested in learning this practical, useful and neccesary language...

Thinking of the way a child starts speaking, I deduced:

1- they don't write or read, but they already say too many words, before starting at the school

2- It is eassier for an adult person, to asociate ideas in a general way, to learn the maximum vocabulary about any specific matter, to speak fluidly about it.

3- You should consider yourself the child to start speaking, to gather mayority of the words you need to express your ideas in a complete way

4- Making a list of minimun 50 words in your own language to translate them into english, (a bilingual dictionary is very practical and useful for this purpose) to provide a wide range of different topics, you will have a good comand of the tongue to improve your speaking skills.

  • Reading remarkable quotations, is also quite a very good way to learn and studing english grammar, for being so completed ideas, written in very short sentences.

5- Finally I must say, it was the method I used to learn and it results me hard to believe, how succesful my life has been due to good oportunities this knowledge has provided me.

THE VOWELS:[editar]

                       A   (ei)*
                       E   (i)
                       I   (ai)*
                       O   (ou)
                       U   (iu)

ALPHABET:[editar]

A  (ei)               B  (bi)                   C  (ci)
D  (di)               E  (i)                    F  (ef)
G (yi)                H (eich)                  I  (ai)
J (yei)               K (key)                   L  (el)
M (em)                N (en)                    O  (ou)

P (pi) Q (kiu) R (ar) S (es) T (ti) U (iu) V (vi) W (dobliu) X (ekx) Y (uay) Z (zed)

ARTICLE:[editar]

(the) has no number, nor gender either; examples: the car, the house, the boys,the girls

ARTICLES: A and AN - (SOME) Exs: a building, a house, an *umbrella, an *indian some days, some times,

== ADJECTIVE: == english adjective has no number nor gender either. Exs:

a good car, a bad experience,

strongmen, beautiful women

== VERBS LIST: ==(infinitive) * learning speak, say, tell, teach, explain, learn, understand,study, know, read, write,hear,listen,see,look,think, guess. believe, repeat, search, find,

VOCABULARY: (inside the house)[editar]

bedroom, dining room, kitchen,bath, door,window,wall, picture, floor, roof ceiling,tiles,furniture,chair,table,bed,sheet,blanket,pillow,cushion,mattress,rug,carpet,lamp,bulb,switch,drawer,bell,shower,towel,soap,sink,brush, sandal,fork,spoon,knife,cup,dish,jug,pot,oven,food,meals,meat,bread, eggs,butter,sugar,salt,coffee,milk, honey,carrots,onions,garlic,tomatoe potatoes,chicken,turkey,fish. pork, cheese,jam,marmelade,orange, apples,pears,peach,grape,cherry, pineapple,almonds,peanuts,olives corn,rice,wheat,oat,barly,flour

                    ENGLISH

- Vowels « A (*ei) E (i) I (*ai) O (óu) U (iu)

  • Y (uay)

-Alphabet« A > ei K > kei *ke U > iu B > bi L > el V > vi C > ci M > em W > dobliu D > di N > en X > eks E > i O > ou Y > uai F > ef P > pi Z > zid*zed G > yi Q > kiu H > eich R > ar I > ai S > es J > yei T > ti

  • ENGLISH GRAMMAR

Defined Article: THE Has no *numbet nor *gender either it's the same for femenine, masculine singular and plural nouns; Exs; the girl - the boy the houses - the cars

Undefined Article; (A - *AN) have the same meaning and they are used for the singular; (*not gender) a is used with nouns which start in *consonant: (a *man - a *woman) an is used before words which start with vowel: (an *apple - an *indian) (an) *It is also used before words which start with *mute eich h : (an *hour - an *honor) ; *But when the h is *pronounced a is used: (*a *horse - *a *house)

  • Some is the undefined article for words in *plural, *nor gender either:

(some girls - some cars)

- The Articles « (*The, a, *an) some

  • no number nor gender either

the *boy - the *girl the *cars - the *houses

  • a man - *a woman
  • an apple - *an indian -

an hour - a house

  • some cars - *some *people

- Colors « White - Black - Grey - Red - Blue Yellow - Green - Brown - Violet - Pink Orange - Purple - Beige - Silvered -Golden - *dark - *light > * clear *transparent

- Numbers « From zero to twenty 0-zero 1-one 11-eleven 2-two 12-twelve 20-twenty 3-three 13-thirteen 30-thirty 4-four 14-fourteen 40-forty 5-five 15-fifteen 50-fifty 6-six 16-sixten 60-sixty 7-seven 17-seventeen 70-seventy 8-eight 18-eighteen 80-eighty

  • 9-nine 19-nineteen 90-ninety

10-ten 100-one *hundred 1.000-one *thousand

  • 1-one *million,*billion,*trillion

difference between 13 (teen) & *30 (ty)

- Body Parts: head,brain,hair,face,*eyes,nose, nostrils,mouth,throath,tonge, teeth, lip,cheek, chin, neck,shoulder, arm, elbow, wrist, hand, small,ring, middle, index, thumb, finger, nails, joints, *nukless, knot, palm, veins, blood, bones, chest, heart, lung, liver, kidney, blast, penis, pussy, vagina, testicles, crutch, ass, hip, leg, knee, ankle, foot, toe, sole, heel,

- Personal pronouns «

  • I - (*you - thou) he - she - *it
  • We - *you - *they
  • After prepositions:

Me - Him - Her - Us - Them

- Posesive Pronouns « my > mine your > yours > (thy - thine) her > hers his its our their

-Family vocabulary: « father- mother- brother- sister- son-dughther-uncle-aunt-*cousin- niece - nephew -*grandparents - husband-wife-*in law

- Time & Weather « second, minute, hour, day, night, week: monday, tuesday, wednesday, thursday, friday, saturday, sunday, month: January - February - March -April - May - June - July - August - Septembet - October - November - December year, (*leap), century sun, moon, cloud, rain, storm, lightning, thunderbolt, seasons: summer, winter, autum or fall, spring, yesterday, today, tomorrow, (last & next) «

- Salutations

  • Good morning - afernoon - evening - night - bye - solong -

Hello or Hi How are you ? What is your name ? Where are you from ? What do you do ? Where do you live ? How old are you ? What do you need ? May I help you ? May you please, help me ? Do you speak english ? What do you mean ? Slow down please Take it easy Don't worry How much is it ? Thank you, so much You are welcome Don't mention it

- *Teaching verbs: learn, study, understand, explain, listen, repeat, ask, answer, spell, speak, say, tell, write, read, memorize, recall, remember, forget test, task, homework

- Home vocabulary gate, fence, house, room, *bath, *bed,hall,kitchen, backyard, garden, porch,siting&dinning *rooms,wall, floor, roof, ceiling,door,window, picture,*table,chair,couch,lamp,stairs,lift,rug,carpet,furniture,drawer, [bathroom] shower,bathrope,towels,soap, toohbrush, toothpaste,toilet paper,shampoo, comb, mirror, parfume, odorant, shaving blade or machine, skin creme,

[bedroom] bed,mattress,pillow,blanket,sheet, cushion, lamp, curtains, blinds, closet, clothes, underwear, t*shirt, troussers, jeans, skirt, blousse, pullover, sweater, coat, jacket, hat, cap, socks or stockings, shoes,boots, sandals,necklace,watch,ring, earings,


[table] dish, cup, spoon, fork, knife, napkins, bread, eggs, butter, glass, jug, jam, milk, tea, water, juice, coffee, breakfast, lunch, soup, bowl, dessert, dinner,*supper,

Meals, foods: meat,fish,chicken,beef, pork, turkey, saucery, lobster, crab, cheese, ham, biscuits, pastry,

  • vegetables, tomatoes, onions, pepper,pumkin, cocumber, coliflower, letuce, spinachs, garlick, hotpepper, carrots,green beans, blackbeans,
  • cereals, rice,wheat,corn, oat, barly
  • fruits: apple, pear, peach, banana, orange, lemon, lime, guava, grape, pineapple, coconut,passionfruit

- Nature vocabulary sea or ocean, wave, tide, reef, beach, river, waterfall, creek, mountain, clift, *range, hill, forest, tree, plants, flowers, desert, *dump, swamp, lake, lagoon, flats, plain or valley, earthquake, landslide, rain, storm, lightning, thunder, snow, rock, stone, sand, mud,

Street: town, city, building, bridge, highway, avenue, church, jail, mall, park, square, subway, museum, hospital, clinic, cemetery, fire deparment, police station, airport, hotel, inn, restaurant, bakery, pub, stadium, neighborhood, address, *landmark, tunnel, train, bus, cab,

Animals: dog, cat, horse, mare, donkey, mule, cow, bull, sheep, stork, hen, cock or rooster, duck, swan, geese, turkey, birds, dove, parrot, macaw, ape, monkey, eagle, volture, bat, snake, spider, buterfly, worm, ant, flie, mouse, rat, seal, shark, merlin, alliagator, whale, dolphin, turtle, bear, jaguar, lion, tiger, zebra, camel, giraffe, elephant, ostrich, *squirrel, lizard, frog, toad,


- TO*Infinitive list of verbs TO > be born - live - die - feel - love - hate - wish - want - desire sale - buy - rent - pay - ask for - see - look - watch - search - travel - stay - sleep - wake up - lay down - stand up - sit - eat - drink - take a bath - cook - wet wash - clean - dry - kiss - hug - fight - kick - hit - stab - shoot - kill - steal - work - save - spend - climb - improve jump - swim - dive - walk - run - sweat sneeze - roar - cry - weep - wail - fly fall - dream - drive - ride - crash - call - help - rescue - heal - cure - stich - think - believe - ween - imagin - make up - invent - build - destroy - burn - blow - break - tear up - throw - catch kneel - bow - turn - dance - sing - act perform - play - hunt - fish - seed - spray - spread - stop - remain - cut - start - begin - finish - end - continue


- Questions ? Who ? Where ? When ? How ? Why ? > (*because to answer) How much ? or How many ? What ? Which ?

- Posesive pronouns and

(') posesion idea: > Is also possible to indicate it, by adding an apstrophe(') to the noun or owner, followed  by the object; Exs: *Charle's  castle.

my or mine > me your or yours *(thy or thine) >you his > he her > she its > it our > us or we theirs > them or they

- *Adjectives

  • No number nor gender either.

Good - Bad Right - Wrong Nice - Ugly Clear - Dark Soft - Rough > Hard Pleasant - Nasty Wide - Narrow Big >Tall - Small Smart - Dumb Clever - Fool Wealthy - Poor Sweet - Bitter Strong - Weak > (Feble) Slim > Thin, or Skinny - Fat Peaceful - Violent Empty - Full Quiet - Noisy Lonely - Crowdy Clean - Dirty Dry - Wet Warm - Cold Safe - Dangerous or Hazardous Slow - Fast Healthy - Sick,or ill Heavy - Light Happy - Sad Wise - *Asshole Open - Closed Sharp - Rounded Kind > Touchy - Cruel

- Auxiliar verbs; Present, Past and Future Tenses To *Be, To *Have, To *Do

  • Use of these verbs (? + - ) ><* ?

These 3 auxiliar verbs are used to make questions and answering them in an affirmative or negative way.

-To Be > Present Tense

I am

You are

He She IS

It

We You ARE They

I am Jaime
I am teaching you

You are Nicole You are learning He is Carlos He is working She is my mother She is in the bathroom

It is a good book
It is raining

We are human beings We are studing english You are my family /.You are wrong They are my cousins They are in Mérida

To make *questions using this verb, it must be written *first than nouns...

  • This verb is use for asking and answering in a positive or negative way. Exs:

Who are you ?

I am your teacher 
I am not your father.

Where is your brother ? He is my boyfriend My brother, is not in here.

Is she your sister ?

Yes, she is my youngest sister No, she is not my sister, she is my daughter.

Is it raining ? 

Yes, it is raining very hard No, it is not raining, the sun is shining What day is today ? Today is Monday Today is not Tuesday Are we in the same class ? Yes, we are. No, we are not studing at the same place. Are you *coming to my party? Why you are not in here, yet ? You are saying the truth You are very kind people Who are they ? They are my parents They are not at home What are they doing ? They are working

-To Be > Past Tense (was & were) was for singular - were for plural

I was

You *were

He She > WAS

It

We You > WERE They

The "future" tense of english verbs is formed by writing the word "WILL" or the contraction of the apostrophe and doble LL ('LL) *before the infinitive. In antique english was used the word SHALL for the FIRST 1å singular and plural persons, but it is not comun in modern english and it has been replaced by "WILL" for all personal pronouns.

To Have > Present T. (has & have)

I        have

You have

He She > HAS

It

We You > HAVE They

To Have - *Past Tense (HAD)

It is formed by the word *HAD for *all personal pronouns

To Do - Present Tense (do & does)

I        do

You do

He She > DOES

It

We You > DO They

To Do - *Past Tense (*DID) The past tense of this verb is formed by the word "DID" for *all personal pronouns.

There is & there are * >< ?

  • Quotable *Quotes

(*popular & *remarkable sayings) (*short completed ideas) into *1 phrase or sentence

  • To consult and copy spanish/english grammar book and Cassels dictionary
  • To write the grammar rules in the *book, right here.
  • ENGLISH ADJECTVE: Have not gender nor number either; it is the SAME for masculine, femenine, singular and plural. Exs: good year - good night

good men - good girls.

PREPOSITIONS: are used to indicate: position, direction, time or any other abstract relation conecting nouns or pronouns to some other words.

about - above - across - after - against - among - around - at - before - behind - below - beneath - between - beyond - by - concerning - down - during - except*ing - for - from - in - into - of - off - on - out - over - regarding - since - through - till to - towards - under*neath - until - up - upon - with - within - without

  • REGULAR VERBS
  • IRREGULAR VERBS
  • AUXILIAR VERBS

CONDITIONAL FORM

               -   ENGLISH   -

Conversational english classes with experienced teacher, fluidness and excellent grammar comand At your office or home $20/hour







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